Construction Laborers

Description

Perform tasks involving physical labor at construction sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, and clean up rubble, debris and other waste materials. May assist other craft workers.

Tasks

  • Control traffic passing near, in, or around work zones.
  • Clean or prepare construction sites to eliminate possible hazards.
  • Signal equipment operators to facilitate alignment, movement, or adjustment of machinery, equipment, or materials.
  • Read plans, instructions, or specifications to determine work activities.
  • Load, unload, or identify building materials, machinery, or tools, distributing them to the appropriate locations, according to project plans or specifications.
  • Measure, mark, or record openings or distances to layout areas where construction work will be performed.
  • Dig ditches or trenches, backfill excavations, or compact and level earth to grade specifications, using picks, shovels, pneumatic tampers, or rakes.
  • Mix, pour, or spread concrete, using portable cement mixers.
  • Tend pumps, compressors, or generators to provide power for tools, machinery, or equipment or to heat or move materials, such as asphalt.
  • Erect or dismantle scaffolding, shoring, braces, traffic barricades, ramps, or other temporary structures.
  • Provide assistance to craft workers, such as carpenters, plasterers, or masons.
  • Lubricate, clean, or repair machinery, equipment, or tools.
  • Position or dismantle forms for pouring concrete, using saws, hammers, nails, or bolts.
  • Smooth or finish freshly poured cement or concrete, using floats, trowels, screeds, or powered cement finishing tools.
  • Operate jackhammers or drills to break up concrete or pavement.
  • Install sewer, water, or storm drain pipes, using pipe-laying machinery or laser guidance equipment.
  • Operate or maintain air monitoring or other sampling devices in confined or hazardous environments.
  • Mix ingredients to create compounds for covering or cleaning surfaces.
  • Grind, scrape, sand, or polish surfaces such as concrete, marble, terrazzo, or wood flooring, using abrasive tools or machines.
  • Position, join, align, or seal structural components, such as concrete wall sections or pipes.
  • Tend machines that pump concrete, grout, cement, sand, plaster, or stucco through spray guns for application to ceilings or walls.
  • Spray materials such as water, sand, steam, vinyl, paint, or stucco through hoses to clean, coat, or seal surfaces.
  • Apply caulking compounds by hand or caulking guns to protect against entry of water or air.
  • Mop, brush, or spread paints, cleaning solutions, or other compounds over surfaces to clean them or to provide protection.
  • Perform site activities required of green certified construction practices, such as implementing waste management procedures, identifying materials for reuse, or installing erosion or sedimentation control mechanisms.
  • Identify, pack, or transport hazardous or radioactive materials.
  • Raze buildings or salvage useful materials.
  • Place, consolidate, or protect case-in-place concrete or masonry structures.
  • Perform building weatherization tasks, such as repairing windows, adding insulation, or applying weather-stripping materials.
  • Perform construction laborer duties at green building sites, such as renewable energy plants or wind turbine installations.
  • Transport or set explosives for tunnel, shaft, or road construction.
  • Use computers or other input devices to control robotic pipe cutters or cleaners.
  • Apply weather-stripping to reduce energy loss.

Knowledge

History and Archeology
Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
Fine Arts
Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

Skills

Programming
Writing computer programs for various purposes.

Interests

Realistic
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Enterprising
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Investigative
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Artistic
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Social
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Work Style

Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Dependability
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Integrity
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Cooperation
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Self Control
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Stress Tolerance
Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
Initiative
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Persistence
Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
Concern for Others
Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Adaptability/Flexibility
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Work Values

Support
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Relationships
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Working Conditions
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Independence
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Achievement
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Recognition
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Lay Titles

Adz Worker
Air Breaker Operator
Air Drill Operator
Air Gun Operator
Air Hammer Operator
Air Tool Operator
Aluminum Pool Installer
Asbestos Removal Worker
Asphalt Distributor Tender
Asphalt Heater Tender
Asphalt Layer
Asphalt Patcher
Asphalt Paver
Asphalt Raker
Asphalt Smoother
Asphalt Spreader
Asphalt Tamper
Asphalt Worker
Auxiliary Equipment Tender
Awning Hanger
Awning Maker and Installer
Axman
Batch Dumper
Beller
Bellman
Belter
Beltman
Black Top Raker
Black Topper
Bottom Man
Bottom Worker
Breast Worker
Bridge Builder
Broom Man
Broom Worker
Brush Cutter
Building Cleaner
Bull Float Finisher
Burlap Man
Burlap Worker
Caisson Worker
Carpenter
Cement Based Materials Pump Tender
Cement Breaker
Cement Cutter
Cement Finisher
Cement Mixer
Chuck Tender
Cinder Crew Worker
Circular Saw Operator
Cleaner
Column Precaster
Concrete Building Assembler
Concrete Buster Operator
Concrete Curer
Concrete Handler
Concrete Layer
Concrete Mixer
Concrete Pourer
Concrete Puddler
Concrete Spreader
Concrete Vibrator Operator
Concrete Worker
Connection Worker
Construction Craft Laborer
Construction Inspector
Construction Laborer
Construction or Leak Gang Laborer
Construction Person
Construction Pit Worker
Construction Worker
Core-Drill Operator
Culvert Installer
Curb and Gutter Laborer
Demolition Hammer Operator

National Wages and Employment Info

Median Wages (2008):
$14.42 hourly, $29,990 annual.
Employment (2008):
814,470 employees