Etchers and Engravers

Description

Engrave or etch metal, wood, rubber, or other materials. Includes such workers as etcher-circuit processors, pantograph engravers, and silk screen etchers.

Tasks

  • Adjust depths and sizes of cuts by adjusting heights of worktables, or by adjusting machine-arm gauges.
  • Engrave and print patterns, designs, etchings, trademarks, or lettering onto flat or curved surfaces of a wide variety of metal, glass, plastic, or paper items, using hand tools or hand-held power tools.
  • Position and clamp workpieces, plates, or rollers in holding fixtures.
  • Determine machine settings, and move bars or levers to reproduce designs on rollers or plates.
  • Examine engraving for quality of cut, burrs, rough spots, and irregular or incomplete engraving.
  • Measure and compute dimensions of lettering, designs, or patterns to be engraved.
  • Start machines and lower cutting tools to beginning points on patterns.
  • Clean and polish engraved areas.
  • Examine sketches, diagrams, samples, blueprints, or photographs to decide how designs are to be etched, cut, or engraved onto workpieces.
  • Select and mount wheels and miters on lathes, and equip lathes with water to cool wheels and prevent dust when grinding glass.
  • Prepare etching chemicals according to formulas, diluting acid with water to obtain solutions of specified concentration.
  • Observe actions of cutting tools through microscopes and adjust stylus movement to ensure accurate reproduction.
  • Reduce artwork to be used, using reduction cameras.
  • Sandblast exposed areas of glass to cut designs in surfaces, using spray guns.
  • Set reduction scales to attain specified sizes of reproduction on workpieces, and set pantograph controls for required heights, depths, and widths of cuts.
  • Brush or smear abrasives on cutting wheels.
  • Neutralize workpieces to remove acid, wax, or enamel, using water, solvents, brushes, or specialized machines.
  • Inspect etched work for depth of etching, uniformity, and defects, using calibrated microscopes, gauges, fingers, or magnifying lenses.
  • Prepare workpieces for etching or engraving by cutting, sanding, cleaning, polishing, or treating them with wax, acid resist, lime, etching powder, or light-sensitive enamel.
  • Insert cutting tools or bits into machines and secure them with wrenches.
  • Print proofs or examine designs to verify accuracy of engraving, and rework engraving as required.
  • Transfer image to workpiece, using contact printer, pantograph stylus, silkscreen printing device, or stamp pad.
  • Sketch, trace, or scribe layout lines and designs on workpieces, plates, dies, or rollers, using compasses, scribers, gravers, or pencils.
  • Guide stylus over template, causing cutting tool to duplicate design or letters on workpiece.
  • Remove completed workpieces and place them in trays.
  • Carve designs and letters onto metal for transfer to other surfaces.
  • Remove wax or tape from etched glassware by using a stylus or knife, or by immersing ware in hot water.
  • Select and insert required templates into pattern frames beneath the stylus of a machine cutting tool or router.
  • Cut outlines of impressions with gravers, and remove excess material with knives.
  • Fill etched characters with opaque paste to improve readability.
  • Brush or wipe acid over engraving to darken or highlight inscriptions.
  • Expose workpieces to acid to develop etch patterns such as designs, lettering, or figures.

Knowledge

Biology
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

Skills

Science
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Installation
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

Abilities

Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
Speed of Limb Movement
The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
Spatial Orientation
The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions.
Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
Sound Localization
The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.

Interests

Realistic
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Artistic
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Enterprising
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Social
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Investigative
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Work Style

Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Dependability
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Integrity
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Independence
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Cooperation
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Innovation
Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
Initiative
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Adaptability/Flexibility
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Analytical Thinking
Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
Achievement/Effort
Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Work Values

Support
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Relationships
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Independence
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Working Conditions
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Achievement
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Recognition
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Lay Titles

Acid Etch Operator
Block Engraver
Bowling Ball Engraver
Computer Engraver
Decorative Engraver Apprentice
Die Cutter
Die Maker
Dynamic Etching Processor
Electronic Engraver Operator
Embosser
Engraver
Engraving Patternmaker
Engraving Plate Maker
Engrosser
Etched Circuit Processor
Etcher
Glass Calibrator
Glass Decorator
Glass Engraver
Glass Etcher
Hand Engraver
Hand Engraver Apprentice
Hand Etcher
Hand or Machine Precision Engraver
Hand or Machine Precision Etcher
Hand Roller Engraver
Hand Screen Printer
Hard Metals Hand Engraver
Internal Carver
Jewelry Engraver
Jewelry or Silverware Etcher
Jogger Operator
Laser Engraver
Leaf Stamper
Lens Engraver
Letterer
Liner
Machine Engraver
Mechanical Engraver Operator
Metal Engraver
Metals Engraver
Mold Engraver
Mold Stamper
Music Engraver
Optical Glass Etcher
Pantograph Engraver
Pantograph Operator
Photo Engraver
Photochemical Etcher
Picture Engraver
Plastic Engraver
Plate Cutter
Plate Maker
Printer
Proof Plate Maker
Re Etcher
Retoucher
Roller Engraver
Roller Mechanic
Roller Repairer
Rubber Engraver
Screen Making Technician
Seals Engraver
Show Card Letterer
Show Card Writer
Siderographer
Siderographist
Silk Screen Etcher
Silk Screen Processor
Sketch Maker
Soft Metals Hand Engraver
Steel Die Engraver
Steel Engraver
Stone Engraver
Textile Engraver

National Wages and Employment Info

Median Wages (2008):
$13.65 hourly, $28,390 annual.
Employment (2008):
8,610 employees