Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop

Description

Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.

Tasks

  • Set up and operate irrigation equipment.
  • Operate tractors, tractor-drawn machinery, and self-propelled machinery to plow, harrow and fertilize soil, or to plant, cultivate, spray and harvest crops.
  • Repair and maintain farm vehicles, implements, and mechanical equipment.
  • Harvest fruits and vegetables by hand.
  • Apply pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers to crops.
  • Inform farmers or farm managers of crop progress.
  • Identify plants, pests, and weeds to determine the selection and application of pesticides and fertilizers.
  • Direct and monitor the work of casual and seasonal help during planting and harvesting.
  • Clear and maintain irrigation ditches.
  • Record information about crops, such as pesticide use, yields, or costs.
  • Dig and plant seeds, or transplant seedlings by hand.
  • Repair farm buildings, fences, and other structures.
  • Participate in the inspection, grading, sorting, storage, and post-harvest treatment of crops.
  • Load agricultural products into trucks, and drive trucks to market or storage facilities.

Knowledge

Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Foreign Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.

Skills

Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
Systems Analysis
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Installation
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
Systems Evaluation
Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
Programming
Writing computer programs for various purposes.
Management of Financial Resources
Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.

Interests

Realistic
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Investigative
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Artistic
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Social
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Enterprising
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Work Style

Cooperation
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Dependability
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Adaptability/Flexibility
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Stress Tolerance
Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Self Control
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Integrity
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Initiative
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Persistence
Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
Social Orientation
Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Work Values

Relationships
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Support
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Working Conditions
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Achievement
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Independence
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Recognition
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Lay Titles

Agriculture Worker
Apple Picker
Apple Thinner
Apple Turner
Asparagus Cutter
Bale Sewer
Bean Picker
Beet Topper
Beet Worker
Berry Picker
Berry Planter
Binder Operator
Bog Worker
Brush Cutter
Bulb Farmworker
Cane Burner
Cane Cutter
Cane Flume Watcher
Cane Flume Watchman
Cane Loader
Cane Packer
Cane Pusher
Cane Stripper
Carrot Buncher
Carrot Harvester
Carrot Tier
Celery Cutter
Celery Packer
Celery Stripper
Celery Tier
Celery Wrapper
Citrus Fruit Packer
Citrus Picker
Corn Detasseler
Corn Husker
Corn Picker
Corn Sheller
Corn Shredder
Corn Shucker
Cotton Picker
Cotton Puller
Cotton Stomper
Crop Duster Helper
Crop Farm Helper
Crop or Grain Farmer
Crop or Grain Farmworker
Crop Picker
Crop Ranch Hand
Culler
Custom Grinder
Detasseler
Digger
Ditch Cleaner
Ditch Digger
Ditch Rider
Ditch Tender
Ditcher
Diversified Crops Farmworker
Dryland Farmer
Eradicator
Farm Hand
Farm Laborer
Farm Rancher
Farm Worker
Field Broomer
Field Cane Scaler Helper
Field Crop Farmworker
Field Crop Harvest Worker
Field Hand
Field Handyman
Field Hauler
Field Irrigation Worker
Field Worker
Fig Caprifier
Firebreak Cutter

National Wages and Employment Info

Median Wages (2008):
$8.98 hourly, $18,670 annual.
Employment (2008):
253,670 employees