Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

Description

Operate or tend food or tobacco roasting, baking, or drying equipment, including hearth ovens, kiln driers, roasters, char kilns, and vacuum drying equipment.

Tasks

  • Observe, feel, taste, or otherwise examine products during and after processing, in order to ensure conformance to standards.
  • Observe temperature, humidity, pressure gauges, and product samples, and adjust controls, such as thermostats and valves, in order to maintain prescribed operating conditions for specific stages.
  • Operate or tend equipment that roasts, bakes, dries, or cures food items such as cocoa and coffee beans, grains, nuts, and bakery products.
  • Set temperature and time controls; light ovens, burners, driers, or roasters; and start equipment, such as conveyors, cylinders, blowers, driers, or pumps.
  • Observe flow of materials and listen for machine malfunctions, such as jamming or spillage, and notify supervisors if corrective actions fail.
  • Record production data, such as weight and amount of product processed, type of product, and time and temperature of processing.
  • Weigh or measure products, using scale hoppers or scale conveyors.
  • Read work orders in order to determine quantities and types of products to be baked, dried, or roasted.
  • Take product samples during and/or after processing for laboratory analyses.
  • Fill or remove product from trays, carts, hoppers, or equipment, using scoops, peels, or shovels, or by hand.
  • Open valves, gates, or chutes, or use shovels in order to load or remove products from ovens or other equipment.
  • Clean equipment with steam, hot water, and hoses.
  • Clear or dislodge blockages in bins, screens, or other equipment, using poles, brushes, or mallets.
  • Push racks or carts in order to transfer products to storage, cooling stations, or the next stage of processing.
  • Start conveyors to move roasted grain to cooling pans and agitate grain with rakes as blowers force air through perforated bottoms of pans.
  • Smooth out products in bins, pans, trays, or conveyors, using rakes or shovels.
  • Install equipment, such as spray units, cutting blades, or screens, using hand tools.
  • Test products for moisture content, using moisture meters.
  • Signal coworkers in order to synchronize flow of materials.
  • Dump sugar dust from collectors into melting tanks and add water, in order to reclaim sugar lost during processing.

Knowledge

Fine Arts
Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
Philosophy and Theology
Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

Skills

Mathematics
Using mathematics to solve problems.
Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
Programming
Writing computer programs for various purposes.
Management of Financial Resources
Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.

Abilities

Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
Spatial Orientation
The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions.
Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.

Interests

Realistic
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Enterprising
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Investigative
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Artistic
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Social
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Work Style

Stress Tolerance
Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
Dependability
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Cooperation
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Initiative
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Independence
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Adaptability/Flexibility
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Persistence
Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
Concern for Others
Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Integrity
Job requires being honest and ethical.

Work Values

Support
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Relationships
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Working Conditions
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Independence
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Achievement
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Recognition
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Lay Titles

Automatic Oven Operator
Bakery Utility Person
Bakery Worker
Bean Roaster
Belt Conveyor Drier
Bone Char Kiln Operator
Bun Panner
Buttermilk Drier Operator
Chocolate Temperer
Cocoa Bean Roaster
Cocoa Roaster
Coffee Roaster
Continuous Process Coffee Roaster
Corn Popper
Curing Bin Operator
Curing Room Worker
Dehydrator Operator
Dehydrator Tender
Drier
Drier Attendant
Drier Operator
Drier Tender
Drum Drier
Drum Drier Operator
Dryer Operator
Drying Machine Operator
Enrober
Extra Hand
Fish Salter
Fish Smoker
Flaker Operator
Food Production Worker
Fruit Dryer
Furnace Operator
Grain Drier
Grain Drier Operator
Grain Roaster
Grain Wafer Machine Operator
Granulator Operator
Gunner
Ham Curer
Ham Smoker
Icing Machine Operator
Instantizer Operator
Kiln Firer
Linter Drier Operator
Long Goods Drier
Machine Operator
Machine Pie Maker
Malt House Kiln Operator
Malt Roaster
Manufacturing Assistant
Manufacturing Associate
Manufacturing Operator
Meat Curer
Meat Smoker
Meringuer
Milk Drier
Milk Drying Machine Operator
Nut Roaster
Oven Operator
Oven Tender
Oven Worker
Peanut Roaster
Peelman
Pizza Maker
Pretzel Cooker
Pulp Drier Firer
Redrying Machine Operator
Rice Drier
Rice Drier Operator
Roaster
Roaster Operator
Roasterman
Roastmaster

National Wages and Employment Info

Median Wages (2008):
$13.67 hourly, $28,430 annual.
Employment (2008):
20,350 employees