Molding and Casting Workers

Description

Perform a variety of duties such as mixing materials, assembling mold parts, filling molds, and stacking molds to mold and cast a wide range of products.

Tasks

  • Brush or spray mold surfaces with parting agents or insert paper into molds to ensure smoothness and prevent sticking or seepage.
  • Clean, finish, and lubricate molds and mold parts.
  • Separate models or patterns from molds and examine products for accuracy.
  • Pour, pack, spread, or press plaster, concrete, liquid plastic, or other materials into or around models or molds.
  • Operate and adjust controls of heating equipment to melt material or to cure, dry, or bake filled molds.
  • Read work orders or examine parts to determine parts or sections of products to be produced.
  • Load or stack filled molds in ovens, dryers, or curing boxes, or on storage racks or carts.
  • Set the proper operating temperature for each casting.
  • Measure and cut products to specified dimensions, using measuring and cutting instruments.
  • Remove excess materials and level and smooth wet mold mixtures.
  • Melt metal pieces, using torches, and cast products, such as inlays and crowns, using centrifugal casting machines.
  • Select sizes and types of molds according to instructions.
  • Trim or remove excess material, using scrapers, knives, or band saws.
  • Align and assemble parts to produce completed products, using gauges and hand tools.
  • Withdraw cores or other loose mold members after castings solidify.
  • Bore holes or cut grates, risers, or pouring spouts in molds, using power tools.
  • Construct or form molds for use in casting metal, clay, or plaster objects, using plaster, fiberglass, rubber, casting machines, patterns, or flasks.
  • Verify dimensions of products, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, vernier gauges, or protractors.
  • Tap or tilt molds to ensure uniform distribution of materials.
  • Patch broken edges or fractures, using clay or plaster.
  • Locate and scribe parting lines on patterns, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, squares, or depth gauges.
  • Smooth surfaces of molds, using scraping tools or sandpaper.
  • Measure ingredients and mix molding, casting material, or sealing compounds to prescribed consistencies, according to formulas.
  • Assemble, insert, and adjust wires, tubes, cores, fittings, rods, or patterns into molds, using hand tools and depth gauges.
  • Repair mold defects, such as cracks or broken edges, using patterns, mold boxes, or hand tools.
  • Engrave or stamp identifying symbols, letters, or numbers on products.
  • Place forms around models and separately immerse each half portion of a model in plaster, wax, or other mold-making materials.
  • Operate molding machines that compact sand in flasks to form molds.

Knowledge

Psychology
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Medicine and Dentistry
Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
Therapy and Counseling
Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

Skills

Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
Installation
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
Science
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Programming
Writing computer programs for various purposes.

Abilities

Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

Interests

Realistic
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Investigative
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Artistic
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Social
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Enterprising
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Work Style

Dependability
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Cooperation
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Self Control
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Persistence
Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
Initiative
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Stress Tolerance
Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
Concern for Others
Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Achievement/Effort
Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
Adaptability/Flexibility
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Work Values

Relationships
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Support
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Independence
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Working Conditions
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Achievement
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Recognition
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Lay Titles

Adobe Block Maker
Adobe Maker
Almond Paste Molder
Artificial Candy Maker
Battery Caster
Bed Laborer
Block Maker
Box Builder
Broom Maker
Burial Vault Maker
Burial Vault Setter
Candy Roller
Caster
Catheter Builder
Cell Builder
Cell Maker
Cement Fittings Maker
Cigar Roller
Clay Modeler
Clay Molder
Clay Thrower
Compo Caster
Composite Technician
Composition Molder
Compounder
Concrete Float Maker
Concrete Pipe Maker
Concrete Stone Fabricator
Concrete Vault Maker
Cultured Marble Products Maker
Denture Model Maker
Denture Packer
Die Builder
Ear Mold Laboratory Technician
Encapsulator
Fabricator
Hand Candle Molder
Hand Cigar Maker
Hand Mold Maker
Hand Molder
Hand Molder and Caster
Hand Tile Maker
Hand Wrapper Operator
Handle Maker
Injection Molding Machine Operator
Kiln Furniture Caster
Laundry Tub Maker
Lead Caster
Loader-Demolder
Machine Castings Plasterer
Machine-Made Shoe Unit Worker
Mannequin Mold Maker
Mannequin Molder
Mascara Molder
Mill Helper
Modeler
Mold Blower
Mold Builder
Mold Dresser
Mold Filler
Mold Filler and Drainer
Mold Filling Operator
Mold Maker
Mold Maker Apprentice
Mold Mechanic
Mold Operator
Mold Presser
Mold Setter
Mold Stamper
Molder
Molding Line Assistant
Molding Line Operator
Mosaic Tile Maker
Musical Instrument Maker
Needle Leader

National Wages and Employment Info

Median Wages (2008):
$14.08 hourly, $29,300 annual.
Employment (2008):
31,010 employees