Sheet Metal Workers

Description

Fabricate, assemble, install, and repair sheet metal products and equipment, such as ducts, control boxes, drainpipes, and furnace casings. Work may involve any of the following: setting up and operating fabricating machines to cut, bend, and straighten sheet metal; shaping metal over anvils, blocks, or forms using hammer; operating soldering and welding equipment to join sheet metal parts; or inspecting, assembling, and smoothing seams and joints of burred surfaces. Includes sheet metal duct installers who install prefabricated sheet metal ducts used for heating, air conditioning, or other purposes.

Tasks

  • Determine project requirements, including scope, assembly sequences, and required methods and materials, according to blueprints, drawings, and written or verbal instructions.
  • Lay out, measure, and mark dimensions and reference lines on material, such as roofing panels, according to drawings or templates, using calculators, scribes, dividers, squares, and rulers.
  • Fasten seams or joints together with welds, bolts, cement, rivets, solder, caulks, metal drive clips, or bonds to assemble components into products or to repair sheet metal items.
  • Install assemblies, such as flashing, pipes, tubes, heating and air conditioning ducts, furnace casings, rain gutters, or downspouts in supportive frameworks.
  • Convert blueprints into shop drawings to be followed in the construction or assembly of sheet metal products.
  • Fabricate or alter parts at construction sites, using shears, hammers, punches, or drills.
  • Select gauges or types of sheet metal or nonmetallic material, according to product specifications.
  • Maneuver completed units into position for installation, and anchor the units.
  • Transport prefabricated parts to construction sites for assembly and installation.
  • Drill and punch holes in metal, for screws, bolts, and rivets.
  • Maintain equipment, making repairs or modifications when necessary.
  • Trim, file, grind, deburr, buff, or smooth surfaces, seams, or joints of assembled parts, using hand tools or portable power tools.
  • Finish parts, using hacksaws or hand, rotary, or squaring shears.
  • Shape metal material over anvils, blocks, or other forms, using hand tools.
  • Develop and lay out patterns that use materials most efficiently, using computerized metalworking equipment to experiment with different layouts.
  • Inspect individual parts, assemblies, and installations for conformance to specifications and building codes, using measuring instruments such as calipers, scales, and micrometers.
  • Hire, train, or supervise new employees or apprentices.
  • Fasten roof panel edges and machine-made molding to structures, nailing or welding pieces into place.
  • Secure metal roof panels in place, and interlock and fasten grooved panel edges.
  • Construct components for high-performance wind turbine systems.
  • Fabricate ducts for high efficiency heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems to maximize efficiency of systems.
  • Install green architectural sheet metal components, such as cool roofs or hot or cold walls.
  • Perform building commissioning activities by completing mechanical inspections of a building's water, lighting, or heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems.
  • Perform sheet metal work necessary for solar panel installations.
  • Verify that heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are designed, installed, and calibrated in accordance with green certification standards, such as those of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED).

Knowledge

Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.

Interests

Realistic
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Artistic
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Enterprising
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Investigative
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Social
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Work Style

Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Dependability
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Cooperation
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Self Control
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Initiative
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Adaptability/Flexibility
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Independence
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Integrity
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Achievement/Effort
Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
Analytical Thinking
Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Work Values

Support
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Independence
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Relationships
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Working Conditions
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Achievement
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Recognition
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Lay Titles

Air Conditioning Installer
Air Conditioning or Heating Duct Installer
Air Duct Mechanic
Aircraft Metalsmith
Angle Bender
Aviation Metalsmith
Beam Worker
Ceiling Installer
Chute Builder
Coppersmith
Coppersmith Apprentice
Cornice Maker
Cowlman
Dural Mechanic
Duralumin Mechanic
Duralumin Metalworker
Extrusion Former
Fabricator
Fairing Man
Fairing Worker
Field Installer
Gutter Hanger
Gutter Installer
Hood Maker
HVAC Sheet Metal Installer (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Sheet Metal Installer)
HVAC Sheet Metal Specialist (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Sheet Metal Specialist)
HVAC Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Technician)
Journeyman Sheetmetal Worker
Layer Out
Layout Worker
Metal Ceiling Builder
Metal Ceiling Hanger
Metal Work Duct Installer
Metal Worker
Metalsmith
Metalsmith Apprentice
Sheet Metal Apprentice
Sheet Metal Assembler
Sheet Metal Duct Installer
Sheet Metal Erector
Sheet Metal Fabricator
Sheet Metal Former
Sheet Metal Installer
Sheet Metal Lay Out Worker
Sheet Metal Layout Mechanic
Sheet Metal Mechanic
Sheet Metal Operator
Sheet Metal Smith
Sheet Metal Technician
Sheet Metal Work Furnace Installer
Sheet Metal Worker
Sheet Metal Worker Apprentice
Sheetmetal Duct Installer Apprentice
Sheetmetal Fabricator
Sheetmetal Worker
Shop Assistant
Spouter
Spouting Installer
Template Fitter
Template Layout Worker
Tin Worker
Tinker
Tinner
Tinsmith
Tinsmith Apprentice
Welder
Whitesmith

National Wages and Employment Info

Median Wages (2008):
$20.81 hourly, $43,290 annual.
Employment (2008):
133,420 employees